Monday, January 11, 2021

Celebrating the Country of India


 "A nation’s culture resides in the hearts and in the soul of its people.” Mahatma Gandhi

Shakuntala and her friends
Raja Favi Varma, 1870

A few years ago, I decided to organize all the cultures I have been researching for the National Storytelling Magazine since 2002. I began with the country of Turkey and then life got in the way.  I am revisiting my initial goal and will do my best to stay on track this time around. The good news is that since I dropped the ball, I have amassed many more stories from countless cultures.

My hope is that this will make it easier for you to find new and unique tales to add to your repertoire, resources for your curriculum, books to complement an educational unit, crafts to sprinkle in the fun, and in the process, we will learn more about our global neighbors. I am aware that India has 28 states, each with different cultures. I encourage you to conduct further research on the specific state and/or culture behind the stories.

I would be most grateful if you would leave a comment to let me know if you find this useful. Let’s continue our journey with the country of India.

 
STORY COLLECTIONS

A Flowering Tree and Other Oral Tales from India
The entire book by A. K. Ramanujan is online for generations to read, relish and enjoy.
https://publishing.cdlib.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft067n99wt&brand=ucpress

Dimdima Kids
An online children’s magazine from India with tales of Hodja, Ramen, Birbel, Jataka, Zen and mythological stories. This is one story time you won’t want to end!
http://www.dimdima.com/khazana/storytime.asp

Indian Fairytales by Joseph Jacobs
This complete work from 1912 is now available on line. It offers twenty-nine tales from Eastern India and gorgeous illustrations to complement each story.
http://www.sacred-texts.com/hin/ift/index.htm

Panchatantra Tales
A legendary collection of short stories from India composed in the 2nd century B.C. “The purpose behind the composition was to implant moral values and governing skills in the young sons of the king.”
http://tinyurl.com/23hpacy

Pitara for Kids 
Many fables from the Panchatantra and Aesop, Jataka stories and tales from India's tribal peoples.
http://www.pitara.com/

The Mahabharata and the Ramayana are the two major Sanskrit epics of ancient India. Both are now found online, and the links are found below. This link is an abridged verse translation of the two longest epic poems in world literature.
http://www.sacred-texts.com/hin/dutt/index.htm 

Stories from Indian Mythology
This site is rich with information and stories on Indian Mythology, offering Jataka Tales, stories from the Panchatantra, Krishna, Shiva and more. Further links share information on Indian terminology, a picture gallery with exquisite portraits of the Gods and a mythology quiz to test your knowledge.
http://members.tripod.com/~srinivasp/mythology/stories.htm

Tales of the Punjab: Told by the People
"Would you like to know how these stories are told? Come with me, and you shall see. There! take my hand and do not be afraid, for Prince Hassan's carpet is beneath your feet. So now! –'Hey presto! And so, it begins...a wonderful collection of Eastern Indian tales with notes to the stories.
https://archive.org/details/talesofpunjabtol00stee

Tales of the Sun or Folktales from Southern India by Mrs. Howard Kingscote and Paṇḍit Naṭêsá Sástrî, 1890 – Twenty-six chapters filled with eclectic folktales.
http://tinyurl.com/m9wtowz

The Talking Thrush and Other Tales of India collected by W. Crooke and retold by W.H. Drouse, 1922. The jackal, tortoise, goat, and monkey are just a few of the animals you will meet in these 43 tales from India.
http://tinyurl.com/jkakm5l

INDIVIDUAL STORIES FROM INDIA

And Elphants Did Fly
http://tinyurl.com/ns7s8bl

The Bearded Fool
http://tinyurl.com/pa6qlgh

The Birds and the Shivering Monkeys 
http://tinyurl.com/j6u9w83

 

The Blind Man and the Elephant
https://www.peacecorps.gov/educators/resources/story-blind-men-and-elephant/

The Dog and the Pig
http://tinyurl.com/3y9z8pk

The Elephants Nose
http://tinyurl.com/p6y62ly

The Farmer’s Present
https://tinyurl.com/y9cy3m5b

The Farmer and the Money Lender 
https://tinyurl.com/yc9szm7v

The Farmer and the Serpent
https://tinyurl.com/yam5lka7

Fearing the Wind

http://spiritoftrees.org/fearing-the-wind

The Gifts of the Grasscutter
http://www.aaronshep.com/stories/018.html

The Golden Fish
http://tinyurl.com/kyrfbee

Good Will Grow Out of Good
http://tinyurl.com/m9wtowz

Great Joy the Ox
https://tinyurl.com/y57uzj9y

Grinding Stone to the Rescue
https://kathakids.com/folktales/grinding-stone-to-the-rescue/

The King and the Drum
https://tinyurl.com/y42obndc

Learning to Act
http://tinyurl.com/jmzo8nl

The Lion and the Crane
http://www.sacred-texts.com/hin/ift/ift02.htm 

The Lion’s Share
http://www.pitara.com/talespin/folktales/online.asp?story=91

The Lion’s Wedding 
http://tinyurl.com/yba5v5kt

The King of Compassion
https://tinyurl.com/y4brjlv8

The Miserly Old Woman
https://www.longlongtimeago.com/once-upon-a-time/folktales/the-miserly-old-woman/

The Monkey with the Tom –Tom 
https://tinyurl.com/unja9l6

The Rat’s Wedding
https://tinyurl.com/uocn2j8

Tenali Rama and the Brinjal
http://tinyurl.com/6jo2g4p


The Priest, the Tiger and the Jackal
http://tinyurl.com/ye6qugj

The Son of Seven Queens
http://tinyurl.com/lmhvao9

The Tale of Two Sons
https://www.pitara.com/fiction-for-kids/folktales/a-tale-of-two-sons/

Why the Fish Laughed
http://tinyurl.com/lnfp7jo

BOOKS

Best Children’s Book About India
https://www.rebekahgienapp.com/childrens-books-about-india/

CRAFTS 

Activity Village – Animals, bangles, coloring pages and much more.
https://www.activityvillage.co.uk/india-crafts

The Crafty MoonChildren can make their own beautiful oil pastel creations, Indian textiles, Lotus flower sand paintings, Taj Mahal watercolor and more” with suggestions to add to your classroom unit.
https://thecraftyclassroom.com/crafts/india-crafts-for-kids/

CURRICULUM

40 Fun and Interesting Facts About India that Might Surprise You
https://www.globotreks.com/destinations/india/fun-interesting-facts-india/

Interesting Facts About India
https://knowindia.gov.in/my-india-my-pride/interesting-facts-about-india.php

PBS.org – The Story of India: Six units on the country of India. The lessons are designed for high school students but can be adapted for lower grades as well.
https://www.pbs.org/thestoryofindia/teachers/lessons/

ADDITIONAL CULTURAL RESOURCES

Celebrating the Country of Turkey 
https://karenchace.blogspot.com/2017/11/celebrating-country-of-turkey.html

 

Please note, websites change at a rapid pace and weblinks may change or break without notice. I cannot be responsible for redirected or broken links.  At the time of this posting all links were in working order. Thank you for understanding.

Karen Chace 2021 ©

This blog post was researched and compiled by Karen Chace. Permission for private use is granted. Distribution, either electronically or on paper is prohibited without my expressed written permission. For permission, please contact me at storybug@aol.com. Of course, if you wish to link to my blog via your website, blog, newsletter, Facebook page or Twitter please feel free to do so; I greatly appreciate your support and personal integrity.

 

Monday, January 4, 2021

Celebrating the Chinese New Year: Year of the (Metal) Ox

Oxen Resting
John Singer Sargent, 1910

On February 12, 2021 the Chinese New Year begins and 2021 is the Year of the (Metal) Ox. The New Year is celebrated for 16 days and ends with the Lantern Festival.

Women Oxen are traditional, faithful wives, who attach great importance to their children's education. There are five types of Ox: Wood, Fire, Earth, Metal, Water. This year falls under the Metal Ox and their traits also include hardworking, active, always busy, and popular among friends. For more information go to: https://tinyurl.com/y45om4jm

According to the Chinese people born in the Year of the Ox have the following personality traits:

Oxen are known for diligence, dependability, strength, and determination. Having an honest nature. They are strongly patriotic, have ideals and ambitions for life, and attach importance to family and work. These reflect traditional conservative characteristics.

At the end of this blog, you also will find links to previous blogs highlighting the different animals of the Chinese Zodiac, each offering additional background information.  

Whether or not this is your year under the Chinese Zodiac I wish everyone a New Year filled first and foremost with health and may you be blessed with all good things to keep you safe and happy. May we all find ourselves together once more as we meet 2021 with renewed hope.

 

The Ox and the Ant - Bulgaria

 

At one time, the ant was so huge that it could pull the yoke of the ox alone. She wanted to plow the ox with his plow instead, to work, and to provide food for himself. "You can't feed people!" The ox told her. "The Lord has assigned this work to me." "You do not want such a fate," replied the ant. "Because your master stitches you with a wall in your back to walk in the groove, and you cannot even make a step forward alone without a master, while I belong only to myself - I have no master."

 

At that time the Lord God was walking around the earth and all the animals were free to approach him and to complain to him about something or to make a request to him. That's why the ant and the ox came to him to complain about each other. "God!" Said the ox. "The ant wants to take down my yoke and plow with the plow you gave me to feed myself and the people." "This is not the job, Lord!" Said the ant - "I want to provide food for people because they can't do it well enough. "

 

Then the Lord turned to the ant and said to her, "I know you are hardworking, but let's see! Tell me, when you replace an ox, how many times a day will you give people to eat thanks to your work? "" I will give them to eat once every three days, "replied the ant. The Lord then addressed the same question with an ox. "And how many times will you give people to eat?" "They will be able to eat three times a day, although I work slowly, I will still be able to satisfy their food needs." Then the Lord blessed the ox: "You will feed the people of the earth while the world is shining! "


Then the Lord turned to the ant. "To work forever and never see the fruits of your labor!" To remember their sentence well, the Lord ordered the ox to step on the ant and walk on its back. Then the ox's hooves split as the back of the ant began to narrow. Up to that point, the ox's hooves were as full as the horse's, and the back of the ant was not as narrow and thin as it is today. And so now the ox still feeds all of us, because with such a destiny God has blessed it. And people should eat three times a day and the food will not benefit the one who eats more than three times a day. The ant would have been so huge if the ox had not crushed it so much, breaking the hoof on her back.

https://tinyurl.com/y54ckkof

MORE STORIES

Babe the Blue Ox – United States
https://tinyurl.com/y3m7zq8g

The Cart Without Oxen – Costa Rica
https://tinyurl.com/y5bcm24c

The Cowherd and the Weaver Girl - China
https://tinyurl.com/y2ftj7sx

The Four Oxen and the Lion - Aesop
https://tinyurl.com/y6h86x4r

Great Joy the Ox - India
https://tinyurl.com/y57uzj9y

The Ox and the Frog – Aesop
https://fairytalez.com/the-ox-and-the-frog/

The Ox of the Wonderful Horns - Zimbabwe
https://tinyurl.com/y4cyxdt9

The Ox Who Never Envied the Pig - Jakarta
https://tinyurl.com/y6l8qo3c

The Oxen and the Butchers - Aesop
https://fairytalez.com/the-oxen-and-the-butchers/

The Oxen and the Pig - Jakarta
https://tinyurl.com/y4rbpb2k

The Straw Ox - Ukraine
https://tinyurl.com/y3jpx3jv

The Three Oxen – Somalia (A variant on the Aesop Fable, The Four Oxen and the Lion)
http://hooyo.web.free.fr/E_tale_03.html  

ARTICLES

Interesting background articles to help round out your storytelling program.

How Oxen Plowed the Way for Social Inequality
https://tinyurl.com/y5f7arlf

Ox, cow and bull in folklore imagery and tales
https://tinyurl.com/y2zhxdb7

The Tale of the Ox
https://tinyurl.com/y684b4ap

CRAFTS

Paper Cup Ox
https://www.activityvillage.co.uk/paper-cup-ox

Printable Craft Projects for the Year of the Ox
https://tinyurl.com/y3ybzn84

Redtedart.com – Year of the Ox
https://www.redtedart.com/easy-cow-crafts/


CURRICULUM

Alphabet Letter X Ox Theme: Preschool Lesson Plan with printable activities and worksheets.
https://first-school.ws/activities/alpha/x/ox.htm

Ox-Cart Man – The curriculum is based on the book and is designed for grades
2 -3. This lesson received the 2020 Curriculum Gold Award of Excellence from the National Association of Economic Educators.
https://tinyurl.com/y5zfad34


ADDITIONAL RESOURCES

Below are previous blog posts I wrote for the Chinese New Year. You will find useful background information to augment your Chinese New Year programs.

Year of the Fire Rooster|
http://karenchace.blogspot.com/2017/01/chinese-new-year-2017-year-of-fire.html

Year of the Horse
http://karenchace.blogspot.com/2013/12/chinese-new-year-year-of-horse.html

Year of the Pig
http://karenchace.blogspot.com/2019/02/chinese-new-year-2019-year-of-pig.html

Year of the Rat
http://karenchace.blogspot.com/2019/11/chinese-new-year-2020-year-of-rat.html

Year of the Sheep
http://karenchace.blogspot.com/2014/12/chinese-new-year-2015-celebrate-year-of.html

Year of the Snake
http://karenchace.blogspot.com/2012/12/celebrate-chinese-new-year-2013-year-of.html

Year of the Tiger
http://karenchace.blogspot.com/2009/12/2010-year-of-tiger.html 

Gung Hay Fat Choy
http://karenchace.blogspot.com/2008/02/gung-hay-fat-choy.html

 

 

Please note, websites change at a rapid pace and weblinks may change or break without notice. I cannot be responsible for redirected or broken links.  At the time of this posting all links were in working order. Thank you for understanding.

 

Karen Chace 2021 ©

This blog post was researched and compiled by Karen Chace. Permission for private use is granted. Distribution, either electronically or on paper is prohibited without my expressed written permission. For permission, please contact me at storybug@aol.com. Of course, if you wish to link to my blog via your website, blog, newsletter, Facebook page or Twitter please feel free to do so; I greatly appreciate your support and personal integrity.